India Smart Grid Forum (ISGF) with support from Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation (SSEF) has conducted a First of a Kind (FOAK) study and prepared an Implementation Plan for Electrification of Public Transportation in Kolkata for making transport electrification targets of Government of India a reality. The study has a valuable contribution of West Bengal Transport Corporation, World Bank, CESC and Ideation Technologies. Though it is prepared for Kolkata, most of the findings and recommendations are relevant for other Indian cities as well as cities in other developing countries. In India, transportation sector emissions is a significant contributor to the deteriorating air quality and human health in cities. Transportation accounts for 20% of global energy use and it contributes 25% to 30% of the emissions. With the rapid acceleration of the Indian automobile markets, battery-powered electric vehicles (EVs) represent a promising pathway towards improving air-quality, energy security (avoiding oil imports) and economic opportunities. The gradually increasing momentum behind EV adoption – both from the side of the Government and the Automotive Industry – will ensure that electrification of transport sector will play an important role in Indian mobility going forward nurtured by policy support from Government. To accelerate adoption of EVs, this study qualitatively and quantitatively assessed the potential for electrification of public transport in Kolkata. Leveraging the best practices, empirical analysis, stakeholder reviews, optimal charging infrastructure operation models for grid integration of different types of EVs and the distribution grid capacities were analyzed in detail to arrive at the recommendations. The study proposes prioritized EV and charging infrastructure deployment plans to for electrification of public transport under most efficient and economic terms. Finally, the study prescribes policy changes to scale the deployment of EVs. The report recommends consideration of an integrated transportation, electrification, and charging infrastructure, and a prioritized roadmap for buses, 3-wheelers, and ferries. The analysis framework and results in this study can be adopted, as a model to deploy EVs in other Indian cities, to create new business and manufacturing opportunities, and improve energy security and air quality. Extracts from Executive Summary: Electric Vehicles (EVs) and supporting technologies and services represent new economic pathways in India to increase energy security (avoid oil imports), reduce carbon emissions (reduce greenhouse gas emissions) and improve air quality (better human health). Indian cities represent a large unrealized economic, energy security, and decarbonization opportunity among the rapidly accelerating automobile markets in the world. India is home to 53 cities that have population of greater than a million. These prerogatives compel India to look at electric mobility options in its urban city core from a different perspective. While the challenges to transition towards electrification (policy, technology, infrastructure, and business models) from the existing internal combustion engine-centric (ICE) vehicles may seem daunting, the realized financial savings in imported fossil-based fuel, noise reduction, and air-quality improvements in inner cities can be significant. With motives to leapfrog India’s adoption of zero emission vehicles, this study focuses on battery-based EVs (henceforth referred to, as EVs) and prioritizes them for public transportation sector—a sector where an accelerated early-stage adoption of EVs can be fostered through public-sector intervention and, axiomatically, set the trend for large-scale EV adoption. Having a large consumer base dependent on public transport, a shift to EVs provide an opportunity to move towards a clean low carbon sustainable transport system. With these macros- and micro-level motivators, the study proposes an integrated implementation guide for the electrification of public transportation in the Kolkata city. The main objectives of this study were: Identify global best practices and standards for EV charging and communication infrastructure to accelerate the deployment of electric buses, and review potential for electric rickshaws, electric taxis, and electric ferries Analyse existing public transport and electricity distribution infrastructure to enable an accelerated transition at most efficient and economical terms Review and propose an integrated approach comprising of electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) or charging station infrastructure technologies and services, electric grid infrastructure, existing transportation considerations, and operation models to ensure maximum interoperability for different types of vehicles in congruence with the electric grid infrastructure Understand the applications for an integrated approach in meeting India’s city level, state level, and national level policy objectives considering that EV benefits span multiple national missions, policy objectives, and ministries Prepare implementation guide to electrify public transportation and common analysis frameworks, which can be applied to other cities The study conducted a bottom-up analysis to recommend potentially viable business models for public transportation (buses, 3 wheelers, and ferries) that can be adopted without a huge investment in infrastructure upgrades or subsidies to accommodate this electric mobility transformation. The report reviews global best practices, compares options in selecting key business and technical parameters (in each of the buses, 3-wheelers and ferries segment), to leverage “Made in India” solutions. This exercise challenged not only many status quo concepts, but also questioned the need for India to summarily adopt western automotive designs and budgets, often resulting in a higher investment.
Published : 12th Nov 2017
This whitepaper, prepared by Strategen Consulting for the Global Energy Storage Alliance, with generous funding support by the Wells Fargo Foundation. provides clear and practical guidance on how electric utilities can procure energy storage resources to perform as electric resources used to balance supply and demand on the electric grid. It includes an introduction to energy storage technologies and applications, example utility procurements and storage pilots, as well as links to helpful resources. Energy storage solutions, which can consume, store, and then discharge electricity, are a growing part of the electric generation fleet around the United States. This is particularly true in California where storage policies and stakeholder interest have created a relatively more developed energy storage market. Since energy storage is a resource class that can act as generation and load while being interconnected in different configurations on the grid, establishing consistent and clear energy storage procurement processes can be challenging. This is especially true for procurement processes in which storage competes against ‘traditional’ generation resources to solve an electric system need. To address these energy storage procurement challenges (which in turn will help storage play a growing role in electric grids), “A Framework for Utility Procurement of Energy Storage” provides insightful advice and deep research, offering readers actionable guidance on how to structure and execute a storage solicitation utilizing the “Energy Storage Procurement Framework”.
Published : 10th Oct 2017
IESA recently hosted an Energy Storage Policy Forum event involving Govt. Officials and Industry stakeholders to discuss policy interventions needed to encourage manufacturing and development of electric vehicles and energy storage in India
Published : 9th Oct 2017
Renewables and Energy Storage Roadmap 2030 by IRENA
Published : 15th Jun 2015
How Storage and Distribution Automation Are Edging Out Diesel in Some Locales
Published : 17th Feb 2014