As the volume of battery manufacturing grows, a parallel system of disposal and recycling will be essential to minimize the detrimental impact on the environment.
Potentially, all the metal elements used in a Li-ion battery namely Li, Co, Ni, Mn, Co, and Al could be recovered and re-used for either battery or other applications. However, currently, only Cobalt is partly recovered due to its high cost and concerns regarding its availability. Strict regulations regarding the disposal of batteries need to be enacted in order to give impetus to the Li-ion battery recycling industry.
In terms of recycling, the lead-acid battery industry is very advanced with almost 96% of batteries being recycled worldwide. This is reliant on robust and scalable recycling technology, strict regulations prohibiting improper disposal and a well-established supply chain for collection of used batteries from the customer. The same is required to be developed for the Lithium Ion Batteries as well.
With this problem statement in mind, IESA launched the IESA RE-use & Recycling Initiative (IRRI) for Battery Recycling.
The focus areas for the initiative will be the following:
- Battery collection mechanism:
Proper classification and segregation of batteries at centralized locations is key for enabling the recycling industry. Launching an initiative to create a collection network for used batteries.
- Encouraging Battery recycling research
As part of IESA R&D activities we will be sponsoring one postdoctoral student for research on recycling processes
- Creating awareness for the need for recycling of batteries Commercial opportunities for ‘Urban Mining’
Commercial opportunities for ‘Urban Mining’
Regulatory support required for encouraging recycling
We Encourage all our Members to participate in our IRRI Initiative and be instrumental to make the storage Industry truly sustainable in the long run.